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Irish Typewriter Keyboards

Underwood
This keyboard shows how the characters were laid out on the Underwood Irish typewriter. The typewriter had fewer keys than do modern ISO keyboards, and "missing" keys are coloured dark grey. Dead keys for the ponc séimhithe and the síneadh fada are found to the left of the keyboard, and would displace the letters from their engraved positions on the middle two rows if implemented on a modern computer keyboard. Note the absence of a digit one in the top row, but its presence at the right of the bottom row. Note also the position of the Y in the second row. Caps Lock was on the right hand shift key and a "caps release" key above that. The Gaelic 7-shaped "agus" sign (TIRONIAN SIGN ET) is given on shift-7. A revival version of the rough typewriter font, Darmhagh Underwood, is available.

Tower
Tower Office
This keyboard shows how the characters were laid out on the Tower Irish typewriter. The typewriter had fewer keys than do modern ISO keyboards, and "missing" keys are coloured dark grey. Dead keys for the síneadh fada and the ponc séimhithe are found to the right of the keyboard in the second row. A dedicated key for digit 1 is provided. The Gaelic 7-shaped "agus" sign (TIRONIAN SIGN ET) is given on shift-7. A revival version of the rough typewriter font, Teamhar Tower, and a rectified version Teamhair is available.

Royal
This keyboard shows how the characters were laid out on the Royal Irish typewriter. The typewriter had fewer keys than do modern ISO keyboards, and "missing" keys are coloured dark grey. Dead keys for the ponc séimhithe and the síneadh fada are found to the left of the keyboard in the third row (in the reverse position as those of the Tower Irish typewriter. The Royal Irish typewriter has some peculiar features. Gaelic forms of the letters A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, and U are provided, and the Roman forms of the letters J, K, Q, W, X, Y, and Z are unchanged from the letters usually found on Royal typewriters. In addition, however, Roman forms of the letters D, G, and T are provided, presumably so that the typewriter could be used for English as well as Irish. No digit 1 key is given; capital I serves for it. Both the Latin "et"-shaped ampersand (&, AMPERSAND) and the Gaelic 7-shaped "agus" sign (TIRONIAN SIGN ET) are provided. A revival version of the rough typewriter font, Doire Royal, and a rectified version Doire is available.

Below is a narrative description of the keyboard assignments. The first column indicates the row of keys where E is the top row and A is the bottom. The other columns show the key positions marked in ISO 9995 format and the name of each character.

Underwood
KeyLevel 1 (Plain)Level 2 (Shift)
E00  
E01  
E02DIGIT TWOQUOTATION MARK
E03DIGIT THREESOLIDUS
E04DIGIT FOURCOMMERCIAL AT
E05DIGIT FIVEPOUND SIGN
E06DIGIT SIXLOW LINE
E07DIGIT SEVENAMPERSAND
E08DIGIT EIGHTAPOSTROPHE
E09DIGIT NINELEFT PARENTHESIS
E10HYPHEN-MINUSRIGHT PARENTHESIS
E11VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERSVULGAR FRACTION ONE QUARTER
E12  
D01COMBINING ACUTE ACCENTCOMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
D02LATIN SMALL LETTER QLATIN CAPITAL LETTER Q
D03LATIN SMALL LETTER WLATIN CAPITAL LETTER W
D04LATIN SMALL LETTER ELATIN CAPITAL LETTER E
D05LATIN SMALL LETTER RLATIN CAPITAL LETTER R
D06LATIN SMALL LETTER TLATIN CAPITAL LETTER T
D07LATIN SMALL LETTER ULATIN CAPITAL LETTER U
D08LATIN SMALL LETTER ILATIN CAPITAL LETTER I
D09LATIN SMALL LETTER OLATIN CAPITAL LETTER O
D10LATIN SMALL LETTER PLATIN CAPITAL LETTER P
D11LATIN SMALL LETTER YLATIN CAPITAL LETTER Y
D12  
C01COMBINING DOT ABOVECOMBINING DOT ABOVE
C02LATIN SMALL LETTER ALATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
C03LATIN SMALL LETTER SLATIN CAPITAL LETTER S
C04LATIN SMALL LETTER DLATIN CAPITAL LETTER D
C05LATIN SMALL LETTER FLATIN CAPITAL LETTER F
C06LATIN SMALL LETTER GLATIN CAPITAL LETTER G
C07LATIN SMALL LETTER HLATIN CAPITAL LETTER H
C08LATIN SMALL LETTER JLATIN CAPITAL LETTER J
C09LATIN SMALL LETTER KLATIN CAPITAL LETTER K
C10LATIN SMALL LETTER LLATIN CAPITAL LETTER L
C11SEMICOLONCOLON
C12  
B00  
B01LATIN SMALL LETTER ZLATIN CAPITAL LETTER Z
B02LATIN SMALL LETTER XLATIN CAPITAL LETTER X
B03LATIN SMALL LETTER CLATIN CAPITAL LETTER C
B04LATIN SMALL LETTER VLATIN CAPITAL LETTER V
B05LATIN SMALL LETTER BLATIN CAPITAL LETTER B
B06LATIN SMALL LETTER NLATIN CAPITAL LETTER N
B07LATIN SMALL LETTER MLATIN CAPITAL LETTER M
B08COMMAQUESTION MARK
B09FULL STOPPERCENT SIGN
B10DIGIT ONEEXCLAMATION MARK
ASPACESPACE


Tower
KeyLevel 1 (Plain)Level 2 (Shift)
E00  
E01DIGIT ONEASTERISK
E02DIGIT TWOQUOTATION MARK
E03DIGIT THREESOLIDUS
E04DIGIT FOURCOMMERCIAL AT
E05DIGIT FIVEPOUND SIGN
E06DIGIT SIXLOW LINE
E07DIGIT SEVENAMPERSAND
E08DIGIT EIGHTAPOSTROPHE
E09DIGIT NINELEFT SQUARE BRACKET
E10DIGIT ZERORIGHT SQUARE BRACKET
E11SEMICOLONCOLON
E12  
D01LATIN SMALL LETTER QLATIN CAPITAL LETTER Q
D02LATIN SMALL LETTER WLATIN CAPITAL LETTER W
D03LATIN SMALL LETTER ELATIN CAPITAL LETTER E
D04LATIN SMALL LETTER RLATIN CAPITAL LETTER R
D05LATIN SMALL LETTER TLATIN CAPITAL LETTER T
D06LATIN SMALL LETTER YLATIN CAPITAL LETTER Y
D07LATIN SMALL LETTER ULATIN CAPITAL LETTER U
D08LATIN SMALL LETTER ILATIN CAPITAL LETTER I
D09LATIN SMALL LETTER OLATIN CAPITAL LETTER O
D10LATIN SMALL LETTER PLATIN CAPITAL LETTER P
D11COMBINING ACUTE ACCENTCOMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
D12COMBINING DOT ABOVECOMBINING DOT ABOVE
C01LATIN SMALL LETTER ALATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
C02LATIN SMALL LETTER SLATIN CAPITAL LETTER S
C03LATIN SMALL LETTER DLATIN CAPITAL LETTER D
C04LATIN SMALL LETTER FLATIN CAPITAL LETTER F
C05LATIN SMALL LETTER GLATIN CAPITAL LETTER G
C06LATIN SMALL LETTER HLATIN CAPITAL LETTER H
C07LATIN SMALL LETTER JLATIN CAPITAL LETTER J
C08LATIN SMALL LETTER KLATIN CAPITAL LETTER K
C09LATIN SMALL LETTER LLATIN CAPITAL LETTER L
C10DEGREE SIGNDAGGER
C11DOLLAR SIGNEXCLAMATION MARK
C12  
B01  
B02LATIN SMALL LETTER ZLATIN CAPITAL LETTER Z
B03LATIN SMALL LETTER XLATIN CAPITAL LETTER X
B04LATIN SMALL LETTER CLATIN CAPITAL LETTER C
B05LATIN SMALL LETTER VLATIN CAPITAL LETTER V
B06LATIN SMALL LETTER BLATIN CAPITAL LETTER B
B07LATIN SMALL LETTER NLATIN CAPITAL LETTER N
B08LATIN SMALL LETTER MLATIN CAPITAL LETTER M
B09COMMAQUESTION MARK
B10HYPHEN-MINUSEQUALS SIGN
B11FULL STOPFULL STOP
ASPACESPACE

Royal
KeyLevel 1 (Plain)Level 2 (Shift)
E00  
E01  
E02DIGIT TWOQUOTATION MARK
E03DIGIT THREESOLIDUS
E04DIGIT FOURCOMMERCIAL AT
E05DIGIT FIVEPOUND SIGN
E06DIGIT SIXLOW LINE
E07DIGIT SEVENTIRONIAN SIGN ET
E08DIGIT EIGHTAPOSTROPHE
E09DIGIT NINELEFT PARENTHESIS
E10HYPHEN-MINUSRIGHT PARENTHESIS
E11LATIN SMALL LETTER D (Roman)LATIN CAPITAL LETTER D (Roman)
E12  
D01LATIN SMALL LETTER QLATIN CAPITAL LETTER Q
D02LATIN SMALL LETTER WLATIN CAPITAL LETTER W
D03LATIN SMALL LETTER ELATIN CAPITAL LETTER E
D04LATIN SMALL LETTER RLATIN CAPITAL LETTER R
D05LATIN SMALL LETTER TLATIN CAPITAL LETTER T
D06LATIN SMALL LETTER YLATIN CAPITAL LETTER Y
D07LATIN SMALL LETTER ULATIN CAPITAL LETTER U
D08LATIN SMALL LETTER ILATIN CAPITAL LETTER I
D09LATIN SMALL LETTER OLATIN CAPITAL LETTER O
D10LATIN SMALL LETTER PLATIN CAPITAL LETTER P
D11LATIN SMALL LETTER T (Roman)LATIN CAPITAL LETTER T (Roman)
D12  
C01LATIN SMALL LETTER ALATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
C02LATIN SMALL LETTER SLATIN CAPITAL LETTER S
C03LATIN SMALL LETTER DLATIN CAPITAL LETTER D
C04LATIN SMALL LETTER FLATIN CAPITAL LETTER F
C05LATIN SMALL LETTER GLATIN CAPITAL LETTER G
C06LATIN SMALL LETTER HLATIN CAPITAL LETTER H
C07LATIN SMALL LETTER JLATIN CAPITAL LETTER J
C08LATIN SMALL LETTER KLATIN CAPITAL LETTER K
C09LATIN SMALL LETTER LLATIN CAPITAL LETTER L
C10COMBINING DOT ABOVECOMBINING DOT ABOVE
C11COMBINING ACUTE ACCENTCOMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
C12  
B00  
B01LATIN SMALL LETTER ZLATIN CAPITAL LETTER Z
B02LATIN SMALL LETTER XLATIN CAPITAL LETTER X
B03LATIN SMALL LETTER CLATIN CAPITAL LETTER C
B04LATIN SMALL LETTER VLATIN CAPITAL LETTER V
B05LATIN SMALL LETTER BLATIN CAPITAL LETTER B
B06LATIN SMALL LETTER NLATIN CAPITAL LETTER N
B07LATIN SMALL LETTER MLATIN CAPITAL LETTER M
B08COMMAQUESTION MARK
B09FULL STOPAMPERSAND
B10LATIN SMALL LETTER G (Roman)LATIN CAPITAL LETTER G (Roman)
ASPACESPACE

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HTML Michael Everson, Evertype, Cnoc na Sceiche, Leac an Anfa, Cathair na Mart, Co. Mhaigh Eo, √Čire, 2003-04-07

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