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Cirth: U+E080 - U+E0FF

Proposals 1993-04-08, 1996-05-06; revision 1997-11-03

NOTE: This is still a proposed encoding and has not been standardized. A discussion paper is available here

The Cirth script was invented by the philologist and author J. R. R. Tolkien as part of the mythological world he created and was widely popularized through his work, The Lord of the Rings, The Silmarillion, etc. Along with a family of artificial languages and a large corpus of etymological data describing their relationships, the Cirth script has attracted the attention of a large community of linguists and other enthusiasts interested in this expression of Tolkien's expertise in historical and comparative linguistics. It can be categorized as a Category D (Attested Extinct) alphabet: there is a relatively limited corpus, and a relatively small (but existent) scholarly body studying it. In order to set a standard Cirth character coding for such scholars and enthusiasts, it has been suggested that this character set be included into the Unicode standard and ISO 10646.

8 columns are reserved to encode the Cirth. The last column is currently unused, and is reserved for future discoveries in the Tolkien manuscripts. The Cirth was and is used to write the languages Sindarin, Khuzdul, and others. It has also been used to write English, as on the title page of The Lord Of The Rings.

General Principles of the Cirth script

The Cirth are a Runic-type alphabet, although they are not connected with Nordic runes except due to a general resemblance resulting from the constraints of letterforms carved in wood or stone. Some of the Cirth had two different forms, which represented glyphic variants in some languages, but could be used for different purposes in others. The Cirth were written from left to right. No positional variants or non-spacing marks exist.

Ordering follows the presentation of the Angerthas Daeron with its Eregion and Morian extensions (from The Return of the King, Appendix E), to which the earliest Beleriand runes, additional early Doriathrin and Noldorin Cirth, and other Cirth used for English, etc. have been added following the same structural order (from The Treason of Isengard, Appendix on Runes, and other sources). Where duplication in letter names occurs, a modifier has been added to the name to differentiate it from the primary form. Pronouncible or meaningful names are not known for the Cirth, so their phonetic values are given in the names. Long vowels are written doubled.

Punctuation

Little is known about punctuation marks, though four have been identified: a single dot serves sometimes to separate letters or words; two vertical dots is used to break up groups longer than a word; three or four vertical dots are used at the beginning and ending of texts. Only three Cirth digits are extant; each is formed by placing a dot beneath an existing Certh, so that non-spacing dot has been encoded here.

Sometimes word space is not used; word separation may be achieved in that case with U+200B, ZERO WIDTH SPACE. Hyphenation is not used; words may be broken after any LETTER.

U+E080	CIRTH LETTER P
U+E081	CIRTH LETTER B
U+E082	CIRTH LETTER F
U+E083	CIRTH LETTER V
U+E084	CIRTH LETTER HW
U+E085	CIRTH LETTER M
U+E086	CIRTH LETTER MB
U+E087	CIRTH LETTER T
U+E088	CIRTH LETTER D
U+E089	CIRTH LETTER TH
U+E08A	CIRTH LETTER DH
U+E08B	CIRTH LETTER N
U+E08C	CIRTH LETTER CH
U+E08D	CIRTH LETTER J
U+E08E	CIRTH LETTER SH
U+E08F	CIRTH LETTER ZH
U+E090	CIRTH LETTER NJ
U+E091	CIRTH LETTER K
U+E092	CIRTH LETTER G
U+E093	CIRTH LETTER KH
U+E094	CIRTH LETTER GH
U+E095	CIRTH LETTER ENG
U+E096	CIRTH LETTER KW
U+E097	CIRTH LETTER GW
U+E098	CIRTH LETTER KHW
U+E099	CIRTH LETTER GHW
U+E09A	CIRTH LETTER NGW
U+E09B	CIRTH LETTER NW
U+E09C	CIRTH LETTER R
U+E09D	CIRTH LETTER RH
U+E09E	CIRTH LETTER L
U+E09F	CIRTH LETTER LH
U+E0A0	CIRTH LETTER NG
U+E0A1	CIRTH LETTER S
U+E0A2	CIRTH LETTER KHUZDUL GLOTTAL STOP
U+E0A3	CIRTH LETTER Z
U+E0A4	CIRTH LETTER KHUZDUL NG
U+E0A5	CIRTH LETTER ND
U+E0A6	CIRTH LETTER EI
U+E0A7	CIRTH LETTER I
U+E0A8	CIRTH LETTER KHUZDUL Y
U+E0A9	CIRTH LETTER KHUZDUL HY
U+E0AA	CIRTH LETTER U
U+E0AB	CIRTH LETTER UU
U+E0AC	CIRTH LETTER W
U+E0AD	CIRTH LETTER UE
U+E0AE	CIRTH LETTER UI
U+E0AF	CIRTH LETTER E
U+E0B0	CIRTH LETTER EE
U+E0B1	CIRTH LETTER A
U+E0B2	CIRTH LETTER AA
U+E0B3	CIRTH LETTER O
U+E0B4	CIRTH LETTER OO
U+E0B5	CIRTH LETTER VARIANT OO
U+E0B6	CIRTH LETTER OE
U+E0B7	CIRTH LETTER VARIANT OE
U+E0B8	CIRTH LETTER KHUZDUL N
U+E0B9	CIRTH LETTER H
U+E0BA	CIRTH LETTER KHUZDUL LEFT-POINTING SCHWA
U+E0BB	CIRTH LETTER SHORT LEFT-POINTING SCHWA
U+E0BC	CIRTH LETTER KHUZDUL RIGHT-POINTING SCHWA
U+E0BD	CIRTH LETTER SHORT RIGHT-POINTING SCHWA
U+E0BE	CIRTH LETTER KHUZDUL PS
U+E0BF	CIRTH LETTER KHUZDUL TS
U+E0C0	CIRTH MODIFIER LETTER H
U+E0C1	CIRTH AMPERSAND
U+E0C2	CIRTH LETTER SP
U+E0C3	CIRTH LETTER SB
U+E0C4	CIRTH LETTER SC
U+E0C5	CIRTH LETTER SG
U+E0C6	CIRTH LETTER NDZH
U+E0C7	CIRTH LETTER DORIATHRIN KW
U+E0C8	CIRTH LETTER DORIATHRIN GW
U+E0C9	CIRTH LETTER DORIATHRIN KHW
U+E0CA	CIRTH LETTER DORIATHRIN GHW
U+E0CB	CIRTH LETTER DORIATHRIN L
U+E0CC	CIRTH LETTER ENGLISH ND
U+E0CD	CIRTH LETTER DORIATHRIN Z
U+E0CE	CIRTH LETTER IU
U+E0CF	CIRTH LETTER AI
U+E0D0	CIRTH LETTER AU
U+E0D1	CIRTH LETTER AY
U+E0D2	CIRTH LETTER AE
U+E0D3	CIRTH LETTER EA
U+E0D4	CIRTH LETTER EW
U+E0D5	CIRTH LETTER NOLDORIN O
U+E0D6	CIRTH LETTER NOLDORIN OO
U+E0D7	CIRTH LETTER IO
U+E0D8	CIRTH LETTER EU
U+E0D9	CIRTH LETTER OU
U+E0DA	CIRTH LETTER NOLDORIN OE
U+E0DB	CIRTH LETTER DORIATHRIN O
U+E0DC	CIRTH LETTER ENGLISH THE
U+E0DD	CIRTH LETTER NOLDORIN L
U+E0DE	CIRTH LETTER ENGLISH OF
U+E0DF	CIRTH LETTER Y
U+E0E0	CIRTH LETTER ENGLISH IS
U+E0E1	CIRTH LETTER VARIANT Y
U+E0E2	CIRTH LETTER YY
U+E0E3	CIRTH LETTER NOLDORIN OE
U+E0E4	CIRTH LETTER NOLDORIN OOE
U+E0E5	CIRTH SEPARATOR SINGLE DOT
U+E0E6	CIRTH SEPARATOR DOUBLE DOT
U+E0E7	CIRTH SEPARATOR TRIPLE DOT
U+E0E8	CIRTH START OR END OF TEXT
U+E0E9	CIRTH SEPARATOR DOUBLE PIPE
U+E0EA	CIRTH COMBINING NASAL MARK
U+E0EB	CIRTH COMBINING LENGTH MARK
U+E0EC	CIRTH COMBINING NUMERIC DOT
U+E0ED	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0EE	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0EF	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0F0	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0F1	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0F2	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0F3	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0F4	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0F5	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0F6	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0F7	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0F8	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0F9	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0FA	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0FB	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0FC	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0FD	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0FE	(This position shall not be used)
U+E0FF	(This position shall not be used)
 
HTML Michael Everson, Evertype, Cnoc na Sceiche, Leac an Anfa, Cathair na Mart, Co. Mhaigh Eo, √Čire, 2006-05-28

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