ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2 N1395
Date: 1996-06-04
This is an unofficial HTML version of a document submitted to WG2.


Title: Technical contents of N1395

Source: Armenian Engineers and Scientists of America
Status: Expert contribution
Action: For consideration by WG2

Editor's note: This document contains only the technical contents of SC2/WG2 N1395, a proposal regarding additions to the Armenian repertoire of ISO/IEC 10646-1. I have made this HTML version of this material to facilitate discussion by interested parties.
Addition 1
Decimal: 138
Hex: 058A
Name: ARMENIAN MIJAKET
Description: Mijaket is a separation mark inside a sentence, literally translated as 'middle dot'. It is used like the colon and/or the semicolon in English. The symbol is larger than either dot of ARMENIAN VERJAKET, FULL STOP, and it has left alignment.
Similar to:
002E PERIOD (MIJAKET is larger)
3002 IDEOGRAPHIC PERIOD (MIJAKET does not have an empty center)

Addition 2 and 3
Decimal: 139
Hex: 058B
Name: ARMENIAN DZAKH CHAKERT

Decimal: 140
Hex: 058C
Name: ARMENIAN AJ CHAKERT
Description: Chakert, dzakh and aj, (quotation marks) in Armenian are different from any other conditional sign used in any language as they origin from the upper part of the letter cha (CHA) of the Armenian alphabet. The name of the quotation mark(s) derives from that name as well, cha-kert 'built of cha'. This name is used in plural, as the marks consist of two parts, right and left 'chakert'.

Quotation marks are explanatory punctuation marks used:

Similar to:
00AB LEFT-POINTING GUILLEMET (Chakert may have unequal upper vs. lower halves)
00BB RIGHT-POINTING GUILLEMET (Chakert may have unequal upper vs. lower halves)
226A MUCH LESS THAN (Chakert is smaller and may have unequal upper vs. lower halves)
226B MUCH MORE THAN (Chakert is smaller and may have unequal upper vs. lower halves)

Addition 4
Decimal: 141
Hex: 058D
Name: ARMENIAN YENTAMNA Description: This is one of two hyphenation signs. Yentamna is used only inside polysyllable words for syllabification at the end of the line. It is slightly rounded and thicker at the left end. It can not be followed or preceded by space marks. It remains with the first syllable(s) at the end of the line, remaining syllables pass on to the next line.
Similar to: No similarities

Addition 5
Decimal: 142
Hex: 058E
Name: ARMENIAN MIUTIAN GTSIK Description: This is an explanatory mark. Its length equals that of the lower case letter sa (SA) and it is situated on the half height of this letter. That is, it is shorter and higher than ANJATMAN GITS. Also, it can not be followed or preceded by space marks. If MIUTIAN GTSIK ends the line it is repeated on the next line before the second component of the compound.
Similar to:
002D HYPHEN (MITIAN GTSIK is based on the width of the letter ARMENIAN SA and the width of the symbol ARMENIAN ANJATMAN GITS.

Addition 6
Decimal: 143
Hex: 058F
Name: ARMENIAN ANJATMAN GITS
Description: This is an explanatory mark, it is a dash longer and lower than the dash used for English. Its length is more than the length of the lower case letter ayb (AYB). Anjatman gits is always followed with a space mark. It is also preceded with a space mark. Functions of anjatman gits do not coincide fully with the dash of English.
Similar to:
2015 QUOTATION DASH (ANJATMAN GITS is always preceded and followed with a space mark. Its width is based on ARMENIAN AYB)

Addition 7
Decimal: 048
Hex: 0530
Name: ARMENIAN SIUN
Description: Similar to ARMENIAN SHESHT (EMPHASIS MARK) but descends from upper right of the character cell towards the center.
Similar to:
0341 NON-SPACING ACUTE TONE MARK (SIUN has a steeper angle of descent)
0338 NON-SPACING LONG SLASH OVERLAY (SIUN is shorter)
0337 NON-SPACING SHORT SLASH OVERLAY (SIUN starts from the upper right corner)
00B4 SPACING ACUTE (SIUN descends more towards the center of the character cell)

Addition 8
Decimal: 096
Hex: 0560
Name: ARMENIAN YERKVOREAK
Description: Two SIUN symbols narrowly separated. Similar to the representation of the GUILLEMET as two SINGLE GUILLEMETS.
Similar to:
301E DOUBLE PRIME QUOTATION MARK (YERKVOREAK descends closer to the center of the character cell)
3003 DITTO MARK (YERKVOREAK descends closer to the center of the character cell)


Adjustment 1
Decimal: 089
Hex: 0559
Name: ARMENIAN DUR
Problem Description: This is a combining character. The symbol is misprinted.
Similar to: No similarities

Adjustment 2
Decimal: 095
Hex: 055F
Name: ARMENIAN PATIW, ABBREVIATION MARK
Problem Description: This is a combining character. The symbol is misprinted.
Similar to: No similarites.

Adjustment 3
Decimal: 091
Hex: 055B
Name: ARMENIAN SHESHT, EMPHASIS MARK
Problem Description: This is a combining character. Similar to:
0530 ARMENIAN SIUN (SHESHT is shorter, descends towards the top of the vowel and is a combining character placed above Armenian vowels)

Adjustment 4
Decimal: 092
Hex: 055C
Name: ARMENIAN BATSAKANCHAKAN, EXCLAMATION MARK
Problem Description: This is a combining character.
Similar to:
007E TILDE (BATSAKANCHAKAN is wider, is tilted upward, and is a combining character positioned above vowels)

Adjustment 5
Decimal: 094
Hex: 055E
Name: ARMENIAN HARTSAKAN, QUESTION MARK
Problem Description: This is a combining character.
Similar to: No similarities


Table 13 - Row 05: ARMENIAN

The code table.


TABLE 13 - Row 05: ARMENIAN

dechexNamedechexName
0480530ARMENIAN SIUN0960560ARMENIAN YERKVOREAK
0490531ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER AYB0970561ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER AYB
0500532ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER BEN0980562ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER BEN
0510533ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER GIM0990563ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER GIM
0520534ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER DA1000564ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER DA
0530535ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER YECH, ECH1010565ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER YECH, ECH
0540536ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER ZA1020566ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER ZA
0550537ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER E, EH1030567ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER E, EH
0560538ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER AT, ET1040568ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER AT, ET
0570539ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER THO, TO1050569ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER THO, TO
058053AARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER ZHE106056AARMENIAN SMALL LETTER ZHE
059053BARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER INI107056BARMENIAN SMALL LETTER INI
060053CARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER LIWN108056CARMENIAN SMALL LETTER LIWN
061053DARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER XEH109056DARMENIAN SMALL LETTER XEH
062053EARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER CA110056EARMENIAN SMALL LETTER CA
063053FARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER KEN111056FARMENIAN SMALL LETTER KEN
0640540ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER HO1120570ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER HO
0650541ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER JA1130571ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER JA
0660542ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER GHAT1140572ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER GHAT
0670543ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER TSHE, CHEH1150573ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER TSHE, CHEH
0680544ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER MEN1160574ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER MEN
0690545ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER YI1170575ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER YI
0700546ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER NU, NOW1180576ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER NU, NOW
0710547ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER SHA1190577ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER SHA
0720548ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER VO1200578ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER VO
0730549ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER CHA1210579ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER CHA
074054AARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER PE, PEH122057AARMENIAN SMALL LETTER PE, PEH
075054BARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER JE, JHEH123057BARMENIAN SMALL LETTER JE, JHEH
076054CARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER RRA, RA124057CARMENIAN SMALL LETTER RRA, RA
077054DARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER SE, SEH125057DARMENIAN SMALL LETTER SE, SEH
078054EARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER VEW126057EARMENIAN SMALL LETTER VEW
079054FARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER TIWN127057FARMENIAN SMALL LETTER TIWN
0800550ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER RE, REH1280580ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER RE, REH
0810551ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER TSO, CO1290581ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER TSO, CO
0820552ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER HIWN1300582ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER HIWN
0830553ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER PIWR1310583ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER PIWR
0840554ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER KHE, KEH1320584ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER KHE, KEH
0850555ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER O, OH1330585ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER O, OH
0860556ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER FE, FEH1340586ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER FE, FEH
0870557ARMENIAN CAPITAL SYMBOL YEV1350587ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER YEV
0880558ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER U1360588ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER U
0890559ARMENIAN DUR1370589ARMENIAN VERJAKET, FULL STOP
090055AARMENIAN APATARTS, APOSTROPHE138058AARMENIAN MIJAKET
091055BARMENIAN SHESHT, EMPHASIS MARK139058BARMENIAN DZAKH CHAKERT
092055CARMENIAN BATSAKANCHAKAN, EXCLAMATION MARK140058CARMENIAN AJ CHAKERT
093055DARMENIAN BUT, COMMA141058DARMENIAN YENTAMNA
094055EARMENIAN HARTSAKAN, QUESTION MARK142058EARMENIAN MIUTIAN GTSIK
095055FARMENIAN PATIW, ABBREVIATION MARK143058FARMENIAN ANJATMAN GITS


References: Abrahamian, S.G. Armenian Language, Textbook of Normative Syntax, Sponsored by Education Department of Armenian SSR, Yerevan, "Luis", 1984 pp 312 - 313, 318-320

ANSI Z39.37 - 1979. American National Standard system for the romanization of Armenian.

Armenian Engineers and Scientists of America. Survey for transcription of Armenian symbols

Godel, Robert. An Introduction to the Study of Classical Armenian, 1975

Hagopian, Gayane. Armenian Handbook, Beginning and Intermediate Levels, UC Berkely Press (not published yet)

Jahukian, Gevorg. Comparative Grammar of Armenian Language (in Russian), Yerevan 1982

Fr. Kogian , S.L.Armenian Grammar (West Dialect), Mechitarist, Vienna, Austria. Mechistarist Press, 1949 pp 21 - 23

Petrosian, Hrant Z.Hayerenagitakan Bararan, Yerevan 1987. Dictionary of Armenology, Sponsor of Publication: Chair of Armenian Language Studies of the State University of Yerevan, Published by "Hayastan" Publishing house, 1987 pp 143 -146, 588

Thompson, Robert W.Introduction to Classical Armenian, 1975

Unicode. The Unicode Consortium


Michael Everson, Evertype, Dublin, 2001-09-21